Saturday, July 4, 2015

Writing Conclusions - A Starter

Star Q

One of the skills of writing an essay includes the writing of the conclusion.  Just as writing itself is a difficult skill for pupils to acquire, writing the conclusion for an essay is no easy task either.  There are probably many ways to start teaching pupils the idea of writing the conclusion.  This entry attempts to provide at least one of those ways.

Writing itself is a skill which requires pupils to bring the abstract into the concrete.  This means pupils need as much help and guidance as they can.  It really does not help them much if teachers expect them to visualize, especially when they are required to visualize ten different situations to match ten given conclusions (see sample below)

A List of Simple Conclusions
Everybody went home tired but happy.
His teachers and parents are proud of him.
He was glad he had done a good job.
Everybody thanked him for his good deed.
They enjoyed themselves very much.
I am proud to be her friend.
They had a wonderful time.
She had learnt a good lesson.
It was a memorable day for them.
He promised that he would never do it again.

An alternative would be for a teacher to provide some pictures of situations for pupils to match with the conclusions as guidance; perhaps six pictures to match with six conclusions to get the ball rolling.  The remaining four conclusions (no pictures provided) would provide some needed challenge especially for higher proficiency pupils.

Therefore, the alternative activity would serve to provide the lesson with the following elements :
a.  A form of differentiation for the medium proficiency pupils and the higher proficiency ones.
b.  Allows for group work and the incorporation of Kagan's collaborative learning, for example All             Write Round Robin.
c.  Gives opportunity to use Gagne's Multiple Intelligence, in this situation, Visual.

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